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San Carlos, Arizona

Coordinates: 33°21′4″N 110°27′8″W / 33.35111°N 110.45222°W / 33.35111; -110.45222
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San Carlos, Arizona
Location in Gila County and the state of Arizona
Location in Gila County and the state of Arizona
San Carlos is located in the United States
San Carlos
San Carlos
Location in the United States
San Carlos is located in Arizona
San Carlos
San Carlos
San Carlos (Arizona)
Coordinates: 33°21′4″N 110°27′8″W / 33.35111°N 110.45222°W / 33.35111; -110.45222
Country United States
State Arizona
 • Total8.58 sq mi (22.23 km2)
 • Land8.58 sq mi (22.21 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
2,650 ft (801 m)
 • Total3,987
 • Density464.85/sq mi (179.48/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP code
Area code928
FIPS code04-62910
GNIS feature ID10812

San Carlos (Western Apache: Sengaah[2]) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Gila County, Arizona, United States. The population was 4,038 at the 2010 census,[3] up from 3,716 in 2000.

San Carlos is the largest community in and the seat of government for the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation.

San Carlos' economy is underdeveloped and is based mainly on retail service industries, construction trades, and public administration.



San Carlos is located in southeastern Gila County at 33°21′4″N 110°27′36″W / 33.35111°N 110.46000°W / 33.35111; -110.46000 (33.351069, -110.459862).[4] Its eastern border is the San Carlos River, which is also the Graham County line. The San Carlos River flows south 8 miles (13 km) to San Carlos Lake, an impoundment on the Gila River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.6 square miles (22.2 km2), of which 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.06%, is water.[3]

San Carlos is located within the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation.


Historical population

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 3,716 people, 921 households, and 754 families living in the CDP. The population density was 420.9 inhabitants per square mile (162.5/km2). There were 994 housing units at an average density of 112.6 per square mile (43.5/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.6% Native American, 4.6% White, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. 2.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 921 households, out of which 49.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 29.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.1% were non-families. 14.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.0 and the average family size was 4.4.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 42.1% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, and 5.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $13,412, and the median income for a family was $14,219. Males had a median income of $16,216 versus $22,563 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $4,615. About 57.5% of families and 58.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 62.4% of those under age 18 and 56.5% of those age 65 or over.



San Carlos Apache Nnee Bich'o Nii Transit provides transportation on the reservation and to Safford and Globe.[7]



San Carlos is served by the San Carlos Unified School District.


  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  2. ^ William J. de Reuse (2006), A Practical Grammar of the San Carlos Apache Language, Lincom Europa
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): San Carlos CDP, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 3, 2016.[dead link]
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing (1790–2010)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2010.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  7. ^ "Globe/Safford Route". Nnee Bich'o Nii Transit. Retrieved January 27, 2020.