Jump to content

Bristol Temple Meads railway station

Coordinates: 51°26′56″N 2°34′48″W / 51.449°N 2.580°W / 51.449; -2.580
This is a good article. Click here for more information.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bristol Temple Meads
National Rail
Facade of the station
General information
LocationRedcliffe, Bristol
Coordinates51°26′56″N 2°34′48″W / 51.449°N 2.580°W / 51.449; -2.580
Grid referenceST597725
Managed byNetwork Rail
Platforms13 in use
Other information
Station codeBRI
ClassificationDfT category A
Original companyGreat Western Railway
Key dates
1965Original platforms closed
2018/19Increase 11.368 million
 Interchange Decrease 1.454 million
2019/20Increase 11.619 million
 Interchange Increase 1.632 million
2020/21Decrease 2.033 million
 Interchange Decrease 0.277 million
2021/22Increase 6.628 million
 Interchange Increase 0.971 million
2022/23Increase 9.292 million
 Interchange Increase 1.242 million
Listed Building – Grade I
FeatureTemple Meads Station
Designated1 November 1966
Reference no.1282106[1]
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road

Bristol Temple Meads is the oldest and largest railway station in Bristol, England. It is located 118 miles 31 chains (118.39 mi; 190.5 km) away from London Paddington.[2] It is an important transport hub for public transport in the city; there are bus services to many parts of the city and surrounding districts, with a ferry to the city centre. Bristol's other major station, Bristol Parkway, is a more recent station on the northern outskirts of the conurbation. It is the busiest station in South West England.[3]

Temple Meads was opened on 31 August 1840, as the western terminus of the Great Western Railway. The railway, including Temple Meads, was the first to be designed by the British engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel. Soon, the station was also used by the Bristol and Exeter Railway, the Bristol and Gloucester Railway, the Bristol Harbour Railway and the Bristol and South Wales Union Railway. To accommodate the increasing number of trains, the station was expanded in the 1870s by Francis Fox and again between 1930 and 1935 by Percy Emerson Culverhouse.[1] Brunel's terminus is no longer part of the operational station. The historical significance of the station has been noted and most of the site is Grade I listed.[1] In Britain's 100 Best Railway Stations by Simon Jenkins, the station was one of only ten to be awarded five stars.[4]

Thirteen platforms are in use,[5] numbered between 1 and 15, but passenger trains are confined to just eight tracks. Most platforms are numbered separately at each end, with odd numbers at the east end and even numbers at the west. Platform 2 is a bay platform at the west end which not used by passenger trains and there is no platform 14.[6]

Temple Meads is managed by Network Rail.[7] Most services are operated by the present-day Great Western Railway, with others by CrossCountry.



The name Temple Meads derives from the nearby Temple Church, which was gutted by bombing during World War II.[8] The word "meads" is a derivation of "mæd", an Old English variation of "mædwe", meadow, referring to the water meadows alongside the River Avon that were part of Temple parish. As late as 1820 the site was undeveloped pasture outside the boundaries of the old city,[9] some distance from the commercial centre. It lay between the Floating Harbour and the city's cattle market, which was built in 1830.

Brunel's station

Engraving of interior of Brunel's train-shed from c1843, by John Cooke Bourne

The original terminus was built in 1839–41 for the Great Western Railway (GWR), the first passenger railway in Bristol, and was designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, the railway's engineer.[10] It was built to accommodate Brunel's 7 ft 14 in (2,140 mm) broad gauge. The station was on a viaduct to raise it above the level of the Floating Harbour and River Avon, the latter being crossed via the Grade I listed Avon Bridge. The station was covered by a 200-foot (60 m) train shed, extended beyond the platforms by 155 feet (47 m) into a storage area and engine shed, fronted by an office building in the Tudor style.[11] Train services to Bath commenced on 31 August 1840 and were extended to Paddington on 30 June 1841 following the completion of Box Tunnel.[12]

Brunel's original station as it appears today

A few weeks before the start of the services to Paddington the Bristol and Exeter Railway (B&ER) had opened, on 14 June 1841,[13] its trains reversing in and out of the GWR station. The third railway at Temple Meads was the Bristol and Gloucester Railway, which opened on 8 July 1844 and was taken over by the Midland Railway (MR) on 1 July 1845.[12] This used the GWR platforms, diverging onto its own line on the far side of the bridge over the Floating Harbour. Both these new railways were engineered by Brunel and were initially broad gauge.[13] Brunel also designed the Bristol and South Wales Union Railway, but this was not opened until 25 August 1863, nearly four years after his death. It terminated at Temple Meads.

Bristol and Exeter Railway station

The Bristol and Exeter Railway headquarters

In 1845 the B&ER built its own station at right angles to the GWR station and an "express platform" on the curve linking the two lines so that through trains no longer had to reverse. The wooden B&ER station was known locally as "The Cowshed";[11] but a grand headquarters was built at street level on the west side of its station in 1852–54 to the Jacobean designs of Samuel Fripp.[10] The Bristol and Portishead Pier and Railway opened a branch off the Bristol and Exeter line west of the city on 18 April 1867, the trains being operated by the B&ER and using its platforms at Temple Meads.[14]

In 1850 an engine shed was opened on the south bank of the River Avon on the east side of the line to the B&ER station.[15] Between 1859 and 1875, 23 engines were built in the workshops attached to the shed, including several distinctive Bristol and Exeter Railway 4-2-4T locomotives.[16]

Goods stations

A 1911 Railway Clearing House junction diagram showing railways around Bristol

The GWR built a 326-by-138-foot (99 m × 42 m) goods shed on the north side of the station adjacent to the Floating Harbour, with a small dock for transhipment of goods to barges (not seagoing ships, as the wharf was upstream of Bristol Bridge). Wagons had to be lowered 12 feet (4 m) to the goods shed on hoists. On 11 March 1872, a direct connection to the harbour was made in the form of the Bristol Harbour Railway, a joint operation of the three railways, which ran between the passenger station and the goods yard, across the street outside on a bridge, and descended into a tunnel under the churchyard of St. Mary Redcliffe on its way to a wharf downstream of Bristol Bridge.[11] The southern end of the tunnel can still be seen between the bottom of Guinea Street and the Ostritch public house. The footbridge across the entrance to Bathhurst Basin is on the site of the railway bascule bridge.

The B&ER had a goods depot at Pylle Hill (south of the station) from 1850, and the MR had an independent yard at Avonside Wharf on the opposite side of the Floating Harbour from 1858.[17]

Effects of the change of gauge


On 29 May 1854 the Midland Railway laid a third rail along their line to Gloucester to provide mixed gauge so that it could operate 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge passenger trains while broad gauge goods trains could still run to collieries north of Bristol. Sidings at South Wales Junction allowed traffic to be transhipped between wagons on the two different gauges. The GWR continued to operate its trains on the broad gauge,[12] but on 3 September 1873 it opened the standard gauge Bristol and North Somerset Railway. This had a junction nearly 12 mile (800 m) from the station on the London line and so mixed gauge was extended to that point. During the following year mixed gauge track was continued beyond Bath in connection with the conversion of the Wilts, Somerset and Weymouth Railway to standard gauge. Mixed gauge was laid through Box Tunnel on 16 May 1875 and so standard gauge trains could run to London, although broad gauge was retained west of Temple Meads and through trains from London to Penzance and other stations in Devon and Cornwall continued to be broad gauge.[13] Goods traffic was transhipped between the two gauges in the B&ER yard at Pylle Hill.

The B&ER converted the line to Taunton to mixed gauge by 1 June 1875, but the remainder of the line to Exeter was not done until 1 March 1876, three months after the B&ER had amalgamated with the GWR. The remainder of the lines beyond Exeter were converted to standard gauge on 21 May 1892[13] so the extra rails at Temple Meads fell into disuse and were removed to leave a purely standard gauge layout. This allowed the through station to be rebuilt with two additional platform faces.[11]

1870s expansion

The main entrance to the station built in the 1870s between the terminal and through platforms. The tower was topped by a spire until World War II.

The additional railway routes put the two short 140-yard (130 m) platforms of Brunel's terminus under pressure and a scheme was developed to extend the station. An enabling Act of Parliament for a new Bristol Joint Station was passed in 1865, and between 1871 and 1878 the station was extensively rebuilt by a committee formed of the three principal railway companies that used the station. Brunel's platforms were extended by 212 yards (194 m) towards London, and a new three-platform through station was built on the site of the express platform, while the B&ER station was closed and the site used for a new carriage shed.[18] From the 1960s, the work was usually attributed to Brunel's former associate Matthew Digby Wyatt, but in 2020 it was established to be by Bristol architect Henry Lloyd under the superintendence of Francis Fox, the engineer of the B&ER.[19] The curved wrought-iron train shed over the new through platforms was 500 feet (150 m) long on the platform wall. The goods depot was rebuilt, with the inconvenient wagon hoists replaced by a steep incline from the east end of Temple Meads, which meant that the sidings in the goods shed were at right angles to their original alignment; and the barge dock was filled in.[17]

Trains on the Bristol and South Wales Union and the Midland routes operated from the terminal platforms, while the GWR used the new through platforms.[11] The capital costs of the new work were split 4/14 GWR/B&ER and 10/14 MR, and operating costs were split GWR 3/8, MR 3/8 and B&ER 2/8. Hence, when the GWR absorbed the B&ER in 1876 the split became GWR 5/8 and MR (later LMS) 3/8, until nationalisation on 1 January 1948.[20]

Twentieth-century changes

Original terminus in 1958
A Paignton to Leeds express stands at Platform 7 (now Platform 5) in 1960.
A view looking northwards from Bath Road. The 1870s arched train shed is surrounded by the flatter canopies of the newer platforms opened in 1935.

In 1924 the goods depot was rebuilt with 15 platforms, each 575 feet (175 m) long. Large warehousing and cellar space was provided to store goods, although by this time another city centre goods depot had been opened at Canons Marsh.[17]

Between 1930 and 1935 the through station was expanded under the direction of the GWR's chief architect P E Culverhouse, in Art Deco style, both eastwards over the old cattle market and southwards on a new wider bridge across Cattle Market Road and the New Cut of the River Avon. This made room for the addition of five through-platform faces, while the removal of the narrow island platforms in the middle of the train shed allowed the main Up and Down platforms to be both widened and lengthened.[18] All the routes approaching Temple Meads were widened to four tracks to allow more flexibility.[17]

As part of this work, four manual signal boxes were replaced by three power signal boxes, and the semaphore signals and mechanical point linkages were replaced by colour light signals and point motors. The new Bristol Temple Meads East box was the largest on the GWR, with 368 miniature levers operated by three signalmen assisted by a "booking boy". The other two boxes were at Bristol Temple Meads West, and controlling the movements in and out of the new Bath Road Depot, which replaced the old B&ER locomotive works in 1934.[17]

During World War II the station was bombed, which led to the destruction of the wooden spire of the clock tower above the ticket office on 3 January 1941.[18] Gas lighting was replaced by fluorescent electric lights in 1960.[17]

Bristol Panel Signal Box was built on the site of Platform 14. When opened, it controlled 280 multiple-aspect signals and 243 motor-worked points on 114 miles (183 km) of route, the largest area controlled by a single signal box on British Rail at the time.[21]

The construction of this signal box, completed in 1970, involved the demolition of almost half of the 1870s extension to Brunel's terminus and completely blocked rail access to the Old Station.[22]

A second main-line station serving the city, Bristol Parkway, opened in 1972. It is on the northern outskirts of the conurbation close to the M32 motorway and was designed as a park and ride facility for long-distance travellers.[23]

In the late 1960s the Royal Mail built a mail conveyor at the northern end of the station, with significant aesthetic impact. This was out of use for many years following the transfer of Royal Mail's activities to the West of England Mail Centre at Filton and the opening of the short-lived Railnet Hub next to Bristol Parkway station in May 2000.[24] It was finally dismantled in stages and removed between October and December 2014.[25] In 1990/91, £2 million was spent by InterCity on a renovation of the main train shed and another £7 million on restoring some of the older areas of the station, including the refurbishment of the subway and construction of new retail outlets. The shorter of the two 1935 platform islands had been used only for parcels traffic since the 1960s but was temporarily brought back into passenger use during this work. It was fully restored for passenger use in 2001.[18]

In August 1998, a 15-month, £7 million project commenced with work performed on the external facade, clocktower, roof and paving.[26][27] As part of this work, the quarry from which the dolomite stone had originally been extracted was reopened in Abbots Leigh.[28]

Preceding station Historical railways Following station
St Anne's Park   Great Western Railway
To London via Box
Lawrence Hill   Great Western Railway
To London via Badminton,
To Cardiff
and Pilning via Avonmouth
Brislington   Great Western Railway
To Radstock
Fishponds   Bristol and Gloucester Railway
(later Midland Railway)

Closure of lines


Passenger traffic on the old North Somerset line ceased on 2 November 1959, and many more closures followed after the publication of Dr Beeching's The Reshaping of British Railways in 1963. The connection to the Bristol Harbour Railway was closed on 6 January 1964; passenger trains to Portishead were withdrawn on 7 September 1964; and most local services in the north of the city were withdrawn on 23 November 1964. The following year saw local services on the Midland route to Gloucester withdrawn[29] and the Midland route to Bath Green Park via Mangotsfield was closed on 7 March 1966. St Anne's Park and Saltford on the line towards Bath survived until 5 January 1970.[29]

On 12 September 1965, the terminal platforms were closed. This allowed the platforms to be renumbered with the order reversed (see list below).[17] The redundant train shed became a covered car park in February of the following year, but from 1989 until 1999 the original (Brunel) part was an interactive science centre known as The Exploratory and an exhibition space. From 2002 to 2008, it housed the British Empire and Commonwealth Museum.[30] As of 2016, the shed, now known as the Passenger Shed, is a venue for events such as conferences and weddings.[31]

This sign should read "Platforms 1 to 12" but refers to the earlier numbering system when these platforms were numbers 1 and 2. They are now 15 (left) and 13 (right).
Bristol Panel Signal Box, built on the old Platform 14
Old New Location
1 15
2 13
3 12 West end
4 11 East end
5 9 & 10 East and west ends numbered differently
6 7 & 8 East and west ends numbered differently
7 5 East end in the main train shed
8 6 West end beyond (new ) platform 5
9 3 East end in the main train shed
10 4 West end beyond (new) platform 3
11 2 West end bay (not in use)
12 1 East end of arrival platform
13 Closed West end of arrival platform
14 Closed East end of departure platform
15 Closed West end of departure platform
Bristol Temple Meads
Simplified platform diagram

Grey lines represent trainsheds
U = Up through line    
D = Down through line

Enterprise zone and station redevelopment


Bristol Temple Quarter Enterprise Zone, an enterprise zone with an area of 70 hectares (170 acres) centred on Temple Meads,[32] was announced in 2011,[33] and launched in 2012. Network Rail is a partner in coordinating development in the zone.[32] In November 2012, Network Rail announced a £100 million redevelopment of the station, with two unused platforms to be opened up. Station Approach Road will be turned into a public square and the station's main entrance moved to the north side.[34] A large bridge above the tracks at the east end of the station which was erected in the 1970s for postal traffic was demolished at Christmas 2014.[35] In November 2016, the University of Bristol announced that it plans to build a Temple Quarter Campus to the east of the station, replacing the derelict sorting office which was formerly connected to the station by the bridge.[36]

Bristol and Exeter House has been redeveloped by TCN UK as a business hub for small and medium-sized enterprises. Part of Brunel's station has found a new use in a redevelopment by the City Council, the University of Bristol and the West of England Local Enterprise Partnership.[32] Opened in 2013 as the Engine Shed,[33] it hosts business incubators for startups.[37]

Plans to build a 12,000-capacity arena[38] on the former site of the Bristol Bath Road Traction Maintenance Depot, to the south of the station, were cancelled in 2018.[39]

21st century


The Great Western Main Line from London to Bristol was part of electrification plans first announced by the UK government in 2009.[40] However, because of cost overruns and delays, on 8 November 2016 the government announced that several elements of the programme would be deferred including electrification south-west of Thingley Junction near Chippenham, and between Temple Meads and Bristol Parkway. Although this left Temple Meads un-electrified, the Hitachi Super Express trains are bi-mode so can operate on diesel around Bristol and can use electricity where the electrification work is complete.[41][42] The electrification plans do not extend west of Bristol, so local services will continue to be provided using diesel trains, with Class 165/166s cascaded from Thames Valley services scheduled to replace the 150/153/158s on local services.[43][44]

The Portishead branch line, which runs along the south side of the River Avon from a junction just beyond Parson Street station is proposed to be reopened.[45] There is an aspiration of two trains per hour between Portishead and Temple Meads in peak periods, possibly calling at Bedminster and Parson Street.[46][47][48][49][50] The line was built in the 1860s but closed to passenger traffic in 1964, leaving Portishead as one of Britain's largest towns without a railway station. The line was reopened for freight traffic to serve Royal Portbury Docks in 2001, and the restoration of passenger traffic is considered part of the Greater Bristol Metro scheme, which was given the go-ahead in July 2012 as part of a City Deal, whereby local councils would be given greater control over money by the government.[45]

The Metro scheme could also see the reopening of the Henbury Loop Line to passengers, with the possibility of services from Temple Meads to Bristol Parkway via Clifton Down and Henbury.[45] Plans for a loop were rejected by the West of England Joint Transport Board, but in July 2015 Bristol City Councillors voted to send the decision back to the board for further discussion.[51][52]

On 1 April 2014, Network Rail took over management of the station from First Great Western.[7][53]

A new station reception was opened in 2023, replacing the information desk on platform three.[54]



In 2013, it was announced that the station roof would be refurbished as part of a scheme to transform the station over the 25 years commencing 2013.[55] In September 2021, foundations were installed for a planned eastern entrance to the station.[56] Following the erection of scaffolding inside the station, work on the roof began in April 2022.[57]


The station from the south. The main approach is from the left, behind the brown brick offices (Collett House). The turrets behind these belong to Bristol & Exeter House, which hides Brunel's building. Fox's extension can be seen to the right of Bristol & Exeter House, linking Brunel's station with the large arch of the main train shed. The flatter canopies belong to Culverhouse's 1935 extensions, with platform 4 on the extreme left and Platform 15 partly hidden by the trees on the right. The lower modern buildings behind the station are the Temple Quay office complex, on the site of the old goods shed. The demolition rubble in the foreground is the remains of Bristol Bath Road TMD.


The station approach looks straight towards Fox's turreted 1870s station entrance. Part of Brunel's original station on the left with Fox's 1870s extension between that and the entrance; the current station train shed is to the right of the entrance.

Although it is now possible to reach the station through the Temple Quay office development (on the site of the goods shed) or from the Bristol Ferry Boat Company landing stage on the Floating Harbour, the traditional and main approach is from Temple Gate. Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Tudor-style offices, later used by the former British Empire and Commonwealth Museum, face this road and are flanked on the north side by an archway that used to be the main station for departing passengers; a matching arch on the other side was the arrivals gateway but was removed when the station was expanded in the 1870s.[11]

Opposite these offices are the Grosvenor Hotel and the derelict George Railway Hotel, which were built in the 1870s,[10] on either side of the site of the Bristol Harbour Railway bridge. A modern pub named The Reckless Engineer as a tribute to Brunel faces the approach road to the station.

Autumn sunset over Bristol Temple Meads station

On the right of the Station Approach but at a lower level is the B&ER office building designed by Samuel Fripp; the 1930s offices known as "Collett House" (named after Charles Collett) and a disused parcels depot lie beyond. On the left is Brunel's original station building. The train shed is 72 feet (22 m) wide with a wooden box-frame roof and cast iron columns disguised as hammerbeams above Tudor arches. It is believed to be the widest hammerbeam roof in England and, along with most of the station, is a Grade 1 listed building,[58][59] and forms part of a proposed Great Western Railway World Heritage Site.[60] At the top of the slope an entrance on the left to the covered car park marks the junction between the original terminus and Fox's 1870s extension.

Ahead is the turreted main station building, and to the right a flat area marks the site of the B&ER station. The tunnel beneath this area was the route for passengers to and from the Down platform from 1878 until the station was enlarged in 1935.[18]

Outside the old station building is a statue of Brunel, moved here in 2021 but first erected in the city centre in 1982.[61]



Entering the main building, the ticket office and ticket machines are immediately ahead, and the route from Temple Quay and the ferry is on the left; a newsagent is on the right, next to the platform entrance.[5] Customer Information System screens by the entrance show arrival and departure information for all platforms, as do displays on each of the platforms.

There are 13 numbered platforms serving 8 tracks. The platforms are numbered from 1–15 with 2 and 14 omitted. Platforms 1, 13 and 15 do not share tracks with any other platform. Platforms 3–12 consist of five tracks that are each subdivided into a pair of numbered platforms. Of those, the odd numbered platforms are at the north end of the station, while even numbers are at the south end.[62] All platforms are signalled for trains in either direction and the flexible layout means that trains on any route can use any part of the station.[63]

Platform 3 and the ticket gates that control entrance to the platforms

Entrance to the platforms is controlled by automatic ticket gates on Platform 3, which is used by many northbound CrossCountry trains and local services to Bristol Parkway and Gloucester. The main station restaurant and bar is on the left[64] and the short Platform 1, a bay, is beyond this. This is most frequently used by Severn Beach Line trains but is long enough to handle any four-car Diesel Multiple Unit (DMU). Behind Platform 1 is a brick wall that forms part of the signal box and on this are some metal artworks created by artists with learning difficulties to celebrate Brunel's 200th anniversary in 2006; an interpretation panel is nearby. The High Level Siding beyond Platform 1 is the rump of the Bristol Harbour Railway, and Bristol Barton Hill TMD can be seen in the distance alongside Bristol East Junction (formerly South Wales Junction) where the lines to Bristol Parkway and Bath diverge.

The subway, below the station, links the platforms

On the right of the entrance is the subway that links all the platforms, reached either by steps or lift;[64] it houses the main public toilets, automated teller machines (ATM) and several catering outlets (there is catering on all platform islands except 13–15). A passenger information office and lounge are above the subway, the British Transport Police office and cycle racks are beyond,[64] and at the western end is Platform 4, used by only a few trains. Alongside this is Platform 2, another bay platform but not signalled for passenger trains and used only for stabling empty trains, as is the former Motorail unloading bay alongside. At the far end of this track is the old Fish Dock, occasionally used for stabling engineers' on-track equipment. Beyond the end of the platform the tracks swing to the right (the west) and pass out of sight beneath Bath Road Bridge, a girder bridge that carries the A4 out of the city.

The first island platform comprises platforms 5 to 8. Platform 5 is inside the main train shed while 6 is a southerly extension and 7 and 8 were added outside the supporting wall in the 1930s.[18] Platform 5 is used by trains towards Cardiff and platform 7 to Portsmouth; platforms 6 and 8 are the main platforms for Weston-super-Mare and stations to Penzance. Between platforms 5 and 7 are the two spur sidings that are long enough to stable a single Class 153 DMU.

The third island platform comprises platforms 9 to 12 and also dates from the 1930s.[18] It is longer than platforms 5–8 but the rear of a High Speed Train on the west end platforms will block part of the east end platform.[62] A wide variety of trains use these platforms, including to and from London Paddington and Weymouth.

The final island platform is shorter and only has east-end platforms 13 and 15: 15 is used by most trains from Paddington that continue westwards to Weston-super-Mare or beyond. Platform 13 is a terminus platform and is used by many trains from Paddington, some local services and occasionally by CrossCountry. There is another siding beyond platform 15 that used to be the In/out Road for Bristol Bath Road TMD. This depot has been demolished. Between platforms 3/4 and 5/6 are the Up Through line and the Middle Siding, the latter is often used to stable Mark 1 carriages between Torbay Express duties in the summer months. The Down Through line runs between platforms 11/12 and 13.[62]

To the north of the station lies Arriva TrainCare's Barton Hill TMD, and to the south-east of the station lies St Philip's Marsh depot which services the Great Western Railway fleet. This is accessible from both ends of Temple Meads station.

Other facilities include pay phones, public Wi-Fi, a post box, photo booth, and passenger assistance such as information points, waiting rooms, a lost property office, first aid room, and CCTV.[64]

Passenger volume


Temple Meads is the busiest station in the Bristol area. Official statistics show it to have the 35th-largest number of people entering or leaving any national rail station, the 14th busiest outside London. Comparing the year from April 2009 with the year from April 2002, estimated passenger numbers increased by 52%.[note 1]

  2002–03 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13 2013–14
Entries 2,590,543 2,823,258 3,039,104 3,279,898 3,541,946 3,914,814 3,937,843 4,204,670 4,442,313 4,549,684 4,761,420
Exits 2,586,575 2,818,114 3,027,136 3,268,961 3,540,152 3,914,814 3,937,843 4,204,670 4,442,313 4,549,684 4,761,420
Interchanges unknown 798,961 856,644 917,595 845,178 890,706 979,955 1,107,555 1,327,179 1,386,664 1,434,465
Total 5,177,118 6,440,333 6,922,883 7,466,454 7,927,276 8,720,334 8,855,641 9,516,895 10,211,805 10,486,032 10,957,305

The statistics cover twelve-month periods that start in April.




Customer Information System showing arrivals and departures

Great Western Railway operates main line services between Bristol Temple Meads and London Paddington, some of which continue beyond Bristol to Weston-super-Mare or Taunton.[66] The company also operates other routes through Bristol such as between Cardiff Central and Portsmouth Harbour,[67] Cardiff Central and Taunton including extensions as far as Penzance,[68] Worcester Foregate Street/Gloucester[69] and Westbury/Weymouth,[70] and Severn Beach and Weston-super-Mare.[71]

Regular CrossCountry services run south to Paignton, Plymouth and Penzance and north to Birmingham New Street, Derby, Leeds, Newcastle and Edinburgh. A limited number of services operate to other destinations in the north such as Manchester Piccadilly, Glasgow Central and Aberdeen.[72]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Bristol Parkway   CrossCountry
Scotland and North England – South West England
Bath Spa   Great Western Railway
Great Western Main Line
  Nailsea & Backwell
Filton Abbey Wood   Great Western Railway
Cardiff Central – Penzance
  Nailsea & Backwell
  Great Western Railway
Cardiff Central – Portsmouth
  Bath Spa
Lawrence Hill   Great Western Railway
Worcester – Weymouth
  Great Western Railway
Severn Beach - Weston-super-Mare



Bus services at the station include the Airport Flyer A1 service, 73 Bristol Temple Meads - Bradley Stoke North, and MetroBus route m3.

See also



  1. ^ Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Patchway, from Office of Rail and Road statistics.[65] Methodology may vary year on year.


  1. ^ a b c Historic England, "Temple Meads Station (1282106)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 4 January 2017
  2. ^ Padgett, David (June 2018) [1989]. Munsey, Myles (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 3: Western & Wales (6th ed.). Frome: Trackmaps. map 6B. ISBN 978-1-9996271-0-2.
  3. ^ "ORR Statistics 2022-23" (PDF).
  4. ^ Morrison, Richard (9 December 2017). "Review: Britain's 100 Best Railway Stations by Simon Jenkins". The Times. Archived from the original on 9 July 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Bristol Temple Meads Station map". National Rail Enquiries. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  6. ^ Jacobs, Gerald (2000). Railway Track Diagrams Book 3: Western (3rd ed.). Trackmaps. p. 5. ISBN 0-9549866-1-X.
  7. ^ a b "Two more stations for NR" Today's Railways UK issue 150 June 2014 page 13
  8. ^ Historic England. "Temple Church (1291644)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 July 2006.
  9. ^ Lobel, MD (1975). The Atlas of Historic Towns, Volume 2: Bristol, Cambridge, Coventry, Norwich. London: The Scolar Press in conjunction with The Historic Towns Trust. ISBN 0-85967-185-2.
  10. ^ a b c Foyle, Andrew (2004). Pevsner Architectural Guides: Bristol. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-10442-1.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Binding, John (2001). Brunel's Bristol Temple Meads. Hersham: Oxford Publishing Company. ISBN 0-86093-563-9.
  12. ^ a b c MacDermot, E T (1927). History of the Great Western Railway, volume I 1833–1863. London: Great Western Railway.
  13. ^ a b c d MacDermot, E T (1931). History of the Great Western Railway, volume II 1863–1921. London: Great Western Railway.
  14. ^ Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0049-7. OCLC 19514063. CN 8983., P 19.
  15. ^ Lyons, E; Mountford, E (1979). Great Western Engine Sheds 1837–1947. Poole: Oxford Publishing Company. ISBN 0-86093-019-X.
  16. ^ Reed, P.J.T. (February 1953). White, D.E. (ed.). The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, Part 2: Broad Gauge. Kenilworth: The Railway Correspondence and Travel Society. ISBN 0-901115-32-0. OCLC 650490992.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g Maggs, Colin (1981). Rail Centres: Bristol. Shepperton: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1153-2.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g Oakley, Mike (2002). Bristol Railway Stations 1840–2005. Wimbourne: The Dovecote Press. ISBN 1-904349-09-9.
  19. ^ Martyn, David (2005). "Temple Meads Authorship". Bristol Industrial Archaeology Society Journal (53). Bristol Industrial Archaeology Society: 7–14.
  20. ^ Nichols, Gerry (2005). "Rebuilding Temple Meads Passenger Station 1870 to 1875". Broadsheet (54). Broad Gauge Society: 8–15.
  21. ^ Kichenside, GM (1973). "The Bristol resignalling scheme controls the crossroads of the West". Modern Railways. 30 (292). Ian Allan: 10–15.
  22. ^ "Bristol Powerbox". Bristol Railway Archive. Archived from the original on 29 May 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  23. ^ Butt, R. V. J. (October 1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. OL 11956311M.
  24. ^ "Royal Mail terminal opens at Bristol Parkway" Rail issue 384 31 May 2000 page 7
  25. ^ "Regional News" Rail issue 776 10 June 2015 page 18
  26. ^ "Temple Meads loses out as work starts on new Parkway mail centre" Rail issue 334 1 July 1998 page 16
  27. ^ "New look for Temple Meads" Rail issue 338 26 August 1998 page 14
  28. ^ "Railtrack gets Bristol quarry site approval" Rail issue 347 30 December 1998 page 12
  29. ^ a b prepared by the County Planning Department (1983). Railways in Avon, a short history of their development and decline 1832 – 1982. Bristol: Avon County Planning Department. ISBN 0-86063-184-2.
  30. ^ "News". British Empire and Commonwealth Museum. Archived from the original on 1 April 2007. Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  31. ^ "Brunel's Old Station". www.brunels-old-station.co.uk. Archived from the original on 20 August 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  32. ^ a b c "An enterprising idea with a radically new approach". Bristol Post. 8 July 2013. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  33. ^ a b "Bristol enterprise zone looks to keep up the momentum". Bristol Post. 16 April 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  34. ^ "Bristol Temple Meads station to get £100m investment". BBC News Online. 14 November 2012. Archived from the original on 22 April 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  35. ^ "The removal of the conveyor belt at Bristol Temple Meads station timelapse". Network Rail. Archived from the original on 16 January 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015 – via YouTube.
  36. ^ Yong, Michael (29 November 2016). "Bristol University to take over old sorting office by Temple Meads for new £300m campus". Bristol Post. Archived from the original on 29 November 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  37. ^ "Why tech industries are thriving in the south-west of England". The Guardian. 10 February 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  38. ^ "Council handed land for Bristol Arena by the government". BBC News Online. 27 March 2015. Archived from the original on 3 December 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  39. ^ "Bristol Arena will not be in the city centre after Marvin Rees confirms decision". Bristol Post. 4 September 2018. Archived from the original on 17 October 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  40. ^ "Modernising the Great Western" (PDF). Network Rail. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 April 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  41. ^ "Great Western electrification: Intercity line work 'deferred'". BBC News. 8 November 2016. Archived from the original on 9 November 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  42. ^ Paul Maynard (8 November 2016). "Written statement to Parliament, Rail update: rail investment in the Great Western route". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 8 November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  43. ^ "Bristol to London line to be electrified". This is Bristol. Northcliffe Media. 23 July 2009. Archived from the original on 23 September 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  44. ^ Clinnick, Richard (15 April 2015). "How the West will win with new trains". Rail (772). Peterborough: Bauer Media: 58–59. Archived from the original on 8 November 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  45. ^ a b c Ribbeck, Michael (6 July 2012). "£100 million Bristol Metro train network by 2016". The Post, Bristol. Northcliffe Media. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
  46. ^ Bristol Evening Post (18 June 2011). "New fight launched to reopen railway line". This is Bristol. Northcliffe Media. Archived from the original on 19 September 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2012. The aspiration is for a regular service on a reopened line with new stations at Ashton Gate, Pill and Portishead and stopping trains at Parson St and Bedminster.
  47. ^ Network Rail (March 2010). "Great Western Route Utilisation Strategy" (PDF). pp. 41, 51, 60, 63, 128, 165, 210, 211. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 September 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  48. ^ "Portishead rail link plan is latest in long-running saga". This is Bristol. Northcliffe Media. 20 August 2008. Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2012. The most expensive option would see two trains an hour on the line at peak times and one in less busy periods, with trains calling at Pill, Ashton Gate, Bedminster and Parson Street, a passing loop and additional signals.
  49. ^ Broadbent, Steve (16 May 2012). "Ship-shape and Bristol fashion". Rail (696). Peterborough: Bauer Media: 46–53.
  50. ^ "Portishead rail link signals are encouraging, says North Somerset MP Liam Fox". Western Daily Press. Northcliffe Media. 19 December 2011. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  51. ^ "Transport chiefs drop Henbury Loop plan". BBC News. BBC. 17 July 2015. Archived from the original on 19 July 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  52. ^ "Huge majority back rethink on decision for Henbury Loop at a special meeting". Bristol Post. Local World. 28 August 2015. Archived from the original on 28 September 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  53. ^ "Reading railway station to be managed by Network Rail". BBC News. BBC. 18 November 2013. Archived from the original on 21 November 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  54. ^ White, Chloe (19 April 2023). "Bristol Temple Meads sees new station reception opened officially". RailAdvent. Retrieved 19 April 2023.
  55. ^ "Bristol Temple Meads station roof to be replaced". BBC News. BBC. 17 October 2013. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
  56. ^ "Foundations completed for new eastern entrance at Bristol Temple Meads station". Network Rail Media Centre. Retrieved 3 June 2023.
  57. ^ Brown, Shashana (28 March 2022). "Restoration of historic Temple Meads roof to start next month". BristolLive. Retrieved 3 June 2023.
  58. ^ Historic England. "Bristol Old Station, Temple Meads (1209622)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  59. ^ Historic England. "Temple Meads Station (1282106)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 March 2007.
  60. ^ "The Great Western Railway: Paddington-Bristol (selected parts)". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation. 1999. Archived from the original on 27 May 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2008.
  61. ^ White, Cameron (1 October 2021). "Isambard Kingdom Brunel statue unveiled outside Bristol Temple Meads railway station". RailAdvent. Archived from the original on 3 October 2021. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  62. ^ a b c Jacobs, Gerald (2005). Railway Track Diagrams Book 3: Western. Bradford-on-Avon: Trackmaps. ISBN 0-9549866-1-X.
  63. ^ "BRI Network Rail Live Departures and Arrivals". National Rail Enquiries. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2008.
  64. ^ a b c d "Station Facilities: Bristol Temple Meads". National Rail Enquiries. Archived from the original on 19 May 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2008.
  65. ^ "Estimates of station usage". Office of Rail and Road. Archived from the original on 25 June 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  66. ^ "BL Train Times" (PDF). Great Western Railway. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  67. ^ "B1 Train Times" (PDF). Great Western Railway. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  68. ^ "B4 Train Times" (PDF). Great Western Railway. Retrieved 22 June 2021.
  69. ^ "B3 Train Times" (PDF). Great Western Railway. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  70. ^ "B10 Train Times" (PDF). Great Western Railway. Retrieved 22 June 2021.
  71. ^ "B9 Train Times" (PDF). Great Western Railway. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  72. ^ "Scotland, the North East & Manchester to the South West & South Coast" (PDF). CrossCountry. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2022. Retrieved 22 June 2021.

Further reading

  • Buchanan, RA; Williams, M (1982). Brunel's Bristol. Bristol: Redcliffe Press. ISBN 0-905459-39-3.
  • Gomme, A; Jenner, M; Little, B (1979). Bristol: an Architectural History. London: Lund Humphries. ISBN 0-85331-409-8.
  • Harris, Peter (1987). Bristol's Railway Mania 1862–1864. Bristol: Bristol Branch of the Historical Association. ISBN 0-901388-49-1.
  • Jowett, Alan (1993). Jowett's Atlas of Railway Centres: of Great Britain showing their development from the earliest times up to and including the 1990s - Volume 1 (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0420-4. OCLC 30919645.